Basic Real Estate Terms

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Navigating the world of real estate involves understanding a myriad of terms and concepts. From the initial stages of listing a property to the final steps of closing a deal, familiarity with these terms is essential. Here’s a concise overview of some fundamental real estate terms and their explanations to help you navigate the complexities of the industry effectively.

  • Agent, Real Estate: A licensed professional who represents buyers or sellers in real estate transactions.
  • Appraisal: An evaluation of a property’s value conducted by a qualified appraiser.
  • Closing: The final step in a real estate transaction where all necessary documents are signed, and ownership of the property is transferred from the seller to the buyer.
  • Deed: A legal document that transfers ownership of a property from one party to another.
  • Equity: The difference between the market value of a property and the amount owed on the mortgage.
  • Foreclosure: The legal process by which a lender repossesses a property due to the borrower’s failure to make mortgage payments.
  • Home Inspection: A thorough examination of a property’s condition, typically conducted by a certified home inspector, to identify any issues or defects.
  • Interest Rate: The percentage of the loan amount charged by the lender as interest on the loan.
  • Listing: A property that is advertised for sale or rent.
  • Mortgage: A loan used to finance the purchase of real estate, with the property serving as collateral for the loan.
  • Multiple Listing Service (MLS): A database used by real estate agents to share information about properties available for sale or rent.
  • Offer: A proposal to purchase a property at a specified price and terms.
  • Principal: The original amount of money borrowed in a mortgage loan.
  • Title: The legal right to ownership of a property.
  • Zoning: Regulations imposed by local governments that dictate how land can be used and what types of structures can be built on it.
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